8.2 Advance knowledge of ecosystems and environmental health in coastal areas by monitoring trends and modeling biological processes.

Monitoring species status and trends and increasing understanding of biological processes advances natural resources stewardship and thus helps maintain biodiversity in Arctic coastal areas. Understanding mechanisms and conditions of coastal invasive species and wildlife disease creates options for management. Informed hunt, harvest, and conservation management is beneficial to advancing stewardship of natural resources.

Performance elements from the Arctic research plan

  • 8.2.1 Monitor and conduct studies to understand trends, processes, and biotic-abiotic feedback loops affecting the distribution, abundance, and ecology of coastal species in relation to food security, biodiversity, and ecosystems through projects such as the Arctic Council Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna working group Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring Programme.
  • 8.2.2 Develop ecological modeling capabilities to understand issues related to the coastal Arctic. Develop online eco-informatics tools such as Coastal Biodiversity Risk Analysis Tool (CBRAT) for Arctic coastal areas to deliver, at a regional scale, predicted relative vulnerability of coastal species and ecosystems to climate change, including temperature increases, sea level rise, and ocean acidification.
  • 8.2.3 Continue to develop a general Arctic-wide wildlife response model that relates to species-specific models of Arctic coastal organisms.
  • 8.2.4 Understand and monitor processes to manage and mitigate potential and realized threats from coastal invasive species, biotoxicoses, and wildlife diseases by leveraging research under initiatives and programs such as One Health, the DBO network, AMBON, and Aerial Surveys of Arctic Marine Mammals (ASAMM) work.
  • 8.2.5 Conduct research that informs changes in wildlife hunt, harvest, and conservation management such as the Arctic-related LCC-funded moose sightability correction factor model development effort.
  • 8.2.6 Improve knowledge of phenology in relation to coastal climate and plant and animal life to better understand issues related to mismatches between prey, predators, hunters, and gatherers in the context of and in collaboration with Arctic coastal communities. This element includes a Western Alaska LCC-funded project on subsistence berry availability.

« Coastal Resilience

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