7.3 Evaluate how changes in fire activity are impacting rural and urban communities, and atmospheric emissions and carbon budgets and other feedbacks to climate.
Fire is a primary disturbance agent for terrestrial ecosystems in northern regions and is included as a critical cause of landscape change for the scientific activities covered in Objectives 7.1 and 7.2. In addition, the effects of changes in timing, size, area burned, and intensity of fires are impacting rural and urban communities throughout much of the North. Fires can cause loss of life and property, negatively impact air quality, and alter availability of subsistence resources. Shifts in fire regimes may also influence terrestrial and atmospheric carbon dynamics, with the potential to impact climate at regional and global scales. The Performance Elements that are part of this Objective would continue activities that are part of ongoing Collaborations. The research activities coordinated to address this Objective also provide the foundation needed for addressing Objectives within the Atmosphere Goal.
Performance elements from the Arctic research plan
7.3.1 Evaluate how changing fire regimes have and are likely to impact northern communities, via impacts to infrastructure, health, and subsistence opportunities.
7.3.2 Coordinate research on the observations, geospatial dataset generation, and model improvement needed to estimate emissions from wildland fires and the potential for those emissions to affect atmospheric carbon budgets and climate feedbacks.