1.4 Document the prevalence and nature of violence against Alaska Native women and youth; evaluate the effectiveness of Federal, State, tribal, and local responses to violence against Alaska Native women and youth; and propose recommendations to improve the effectiveness of such responses.

Victims of psychological aggression, physical violence, sexual violence, and stalking experience severe and negative health and social consequences, including poorer physical and mental health and lower employment status. Further, evidence suggests that Arctic Indigenous populations are disproportionately impacted (e.g., Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada 2006). Because there is a dearth of scientific research regarding victimization experiences of Alaska Native women, the USARC’s Report on the Goals and Objectives for Arctic Research (2015-2016) identified domestic violence in the Arctic as an area of concern. Hence, accurate, comprehensive, and current information on the incidence, prevalence, and nature of intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and stalking in Alaska Native villages is needed to improve societal understanding of the programmatic, service, and policy needs of victims and to educate policy makers and the public about this pervasive threat to the health and well-being of Alaska Native women.

Performance elements from the Arctic research plan

  • 1.4.1 Conduct a National Baseline Study (NBS) to assess Alaska Native women’s experiences with violence and victimization, health and wellness, community crime, service needs, and help-seeking behaviors and outcomes.
  • 1.4.2 Examine the contributions Village Public Safety Officers (VPSO) make to their rural communities and the criminal justice responses to violence committed against Alaska Native women. Evaluate and document the impact that the Alaska VPSO initiative is having on the investigation and prosecution of those who commit acts of sexual and domestic violence against Alaska Native women in rural communities.
  • 1.4.3 Together with the AIDA, determine effective methods to assess exposure to violence and victimization among Alaska Native youth, ultimately to improve their health and well- being. Develop and test a survey instrument and different administration modes that can effectively evaluate exposure to violence and victimization and determine the feasibility of using these procedures in tribal communities.

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