The US Arctic Research Commission Releases its Goals and Objectives for Arctic Research 2019-2020

May 23, 2019
By Jessica Rohde

The US Arctic Research Commission (USARC) released their 2019-2020 Report on the Goals and Objectives for Arctic Research on May 8that their 111thCommission Meeting in Anchorage Alaska.

High and low-resolution versions available here: https://arctic.gov/reports_goals.html

Dedicated to USARC’s late Commissioner Mary Pete, the “Goals Report” outlines recommendations for research in a rapidly changing Arctic. The report outlines five priority research areas and lists recommendations and examples for each. 

Priority one: Advance Arctic Infrastructure

Functional Arctic infrastructure is a prerequisite for human activity in the north. A changing climate damages essential infrastructure, making it costly to maintain, repair and replace— especially in remote areas. USARC recommends preventative measures based on a well-informed understanding of environmental conditions in order to reduce infrastructure damage and costs. USARC specifically seeks support for demonstration projects to address infrastructure engineering and design, as well as decision-support tools that are regularly updated to plan, design, and construct infrastructure in a rapidly changing environment.

Priority two: Assess Arctic Natural Resources

As the Arctic becomes increasingly accessible, and as global demand for Arctic resources grows, decision-makers need information that helps them to make informed choices on resource use. We recommend support for assessment of oil and gas potential on Alaska’s North Slope, mineral distribution in the Arctic (USGS), and trawl surveys of fish stocks from the Bering Sea northward (NOAA). We also encourage agencies, such as the Department of Energy, to fully implement their 10-year Arctic renewable energy plan.

Priority three: Observe, Understand and Forecast Arctic Environmental Change

Monitoring the rapid and unprecedented changes in the Arctic, and their impacts on wildlife and humans, is critically important. Our report mentions the stunning declines in migratory bird numbers - the majority of which spend critical parts of their lives in the Arctic. Another focus is the “cold pool”—or lack thereof—in the Bering Sea. Marine heatwaves are changing spawninghabitat and egg survival, larval development and fish growth rates, impacting the ecosystem, as a whole. 

Priority four: Improve Community Health and Well-Being

This “goal” used to be two separate priorities—one called Arctic Human Health and another having to do with culture, languages and resiliency. Through feedback from community members, they were combined into one cohesive goal that underscores their interrelatedness. Our recommendations range from how to perform research – emphasizing early and frequent collaboration with local communities on research questions, approach and conduction—to specifics regarding the provision of mental health care, clean and adequate amounts of water in rural Alaska and the emergence and expansion of diseases that can affect humans and wildlife.

 Priority five: Enhance International Scientific Cooperation in the Arctic

Increasing demands for information and interdisciplinary research results create a challenge for Arctic states and stakeholders. Enhanced cooperation among Arctic states and non-Arctic states can build synergies between national programs and create efficiencies for the best use of limited resources to address Arctic scientific challenges that often extend beyond the jurisdiction of any one nation. Recommendations include implementation of the Central Arctic Ocean Fisheries Agreement and the Arctic Science Cooperation Agreement and strengthening of bilateral and multilateral research cooperation.

The report also covers emerging topics in Arctic research, its collaboration with the Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee and addressing federal and state priorities. 

Posted by Jessica Rohde on behalf of Cheryl Rosa, USARC

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