Scope of activities

The Coastal Resilience Collaboration Team is a new team created as part of Arctic Research Plan 2017-2021. The team's scope of activities will include implementation of Research Objectives and Performance Elements listed under Research Goal 8, which is described as follows in the Plan:

For a number of reasons, research on Arctic coastal areas is particularly complex and cross-cutting. Coastal areas comprise the nexus of marine, terrestrial, and freshwater systems and are home to the majority of Arctic human communities. Arctic coastlines are already experiencing climate change impacts such as flooding and coastal erosion, including some of the highest shoreline erosion rates inthe United States: most of Alaska’s northern coast is retreating at rates of more than 1m per year (Gibbs and Richmond2015).

Many issues specific to the Arctic coastal zone are related to human coastal communities: culture, food security, safety, increased commercial activity, infrastructure, biodiversity, and physical and biological processes. To provide the critical knowledge required to navigate decision-making and to inform policy regarding this distinctive geography, research on the interconnections between Arctic people and their natural and built coastal environments is necessary. Thus, Arctic coastal areas offer rich research opportunities at the confluence of social, engineering, and biological and physical sciences. Understanding gained from the research will advance Well-being, Stewardship, and Security in the region.

Already, research coordination among multiple groups is taking place from local to international scales, and the Coastal Goal builds on and strengthens that work. Under the U.S. Chairmanship of the Arctic Council, the Federal government has been leading an international effort with multiple collaborators, including groups that represent Indigenous coastal communities, to build a framework for resilience to rapid changes in the Arctic. Research into coastal physical processes, coastal inundation, and improved mapping  ,which is working with the Arctic Executive Steering Committee Community Resilience Working Group to facilitate relocation of coastal villages, necessitated by considerable coastal erosion and increased storm surges in Alaska. Phenology and biodiversity monitoring and modeling research will strengthen scenarios to help identify future research and monitoring needs undertaken by State-Federal partnerships such as NSSI. The Alaska Climate Change Executive Roundtable (ACCER), which regularly discusses the role of science in understanding the ecological impacts of climate change to the built environment, will benefit from research into physical coastal processes and enhanced observational data. Additionally, LCCs in Arctic coastal areas are actively engaging communities in research by convening workshops to learn about issues impacting their landscapes and to support community-basedmonitoring.

All steps of research—developing priorities and deliverables, designing projects, conducting research, disseminating results, and collaborating on deliverables—benefit from engaging community members. Collaboration and engagement enable meaningful research among community members, IK holders, LK holders, and interagency researchers. The process of sharing research results with communities using approaches compatible with the needs and wants of the community is a critical aspect of building community engagement.

References

To participate in this team's activities, please request an account on our member space, then join the CRCT.


Team leaders

Simon Stephenson
Arctic Sciences

Carolina Behe
Inuit Circumpolar Council (Website)

John Pearce
USGS Alaska Science Center (Website)

Amy Holman
(Website)


Performance elements from the Arctic research plan

8.1 Engage coastal communities in research and advance knowledge on cultural, safety, and infrastructure issues for coastal communities.

  • 8.1.1 Engage coastal community members in research by seeking cooperative opportunities between community members, IK holders, and/or LK holders, and researchers in knowledge co-production research processes. Employ IK and/or LK to jointly conceive of and plan research activities and to report research results back to communities.
  • 8.1.2 Engage coastal community members in research by supporting community-based monitoring focused on measuring physical and biotic information by strengthening initiatives led by groups such as the Arctic-focused LCCs, BOEM, NOAA, and FWS.
  • 8.1.3 Support economic development research for the sustainable development of resilient communities. For example, create comprehensive economic planning strategies by DOC Economic Development Administration (EDA) planning grantees in Alaska coastal communities.
  • 8.1.4 Investigate and protect cultural resources through research to identify and document archaeological sites in high-risk, rapidly eroding Arctic coastal areas.
  • 8.1.5 Advance the understanding of storm surge and saline inundation impacts on infrastructure and human safety. Multiagency partners include the Alaska Department of Geological and Geophysical Surveys and the ACCER.

8.2 Advance knowledge of ecosystems and environmental health in coastal areas by monitoring trends and modeling biological processes.

  • 8.2.1 Monitor and conduct studies to understand trends, processes, and biotic-abiotic feedback loops affecting the distribution, abundance, and ecology of coastal species in relation to food security, biodiversity, and ecosystems through projects such as the Arctic Council Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna working group Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring Programme.
  • 8.2.2 Develop ecological modeling capabilities to understand issues related to the coastal Arctic. Develop online eco-informatics tools such as Coastal Biodiversity Risk Analysis Tool (CBRAT) for Arctic coastal areas to deliver, at a regional scale, predicted relative vulnerability of coastal species and ecosystems to climate change, including temperature increases, sea level rise, and ocean acidification.
  • 8.2.3 Continue to develop a general Arctic-wide wildlife response model that relates to species-specific models of Arctic coastal organisms.
  • 8.2.4 Understand and monitor processes to manage and mitigate potential and realized threats from coastal invasive species, biotoxicoses, and wildlife diseases by leveraging research under initiatives and programs such as One Health, the DBO network, AMBON, and Aerial Surveys of Arctic Marine Mammals (ASAMM) work.
  • 8.2.5 Conduct research that informs changes in wildlife hunt, harvest, and conservation management such as the Arctic-related LCC-funded moose sightability correction factor model development effort.
  • 8.2.6 Improve knowledge of phenology in relation to coastal climate and plant and animal life to better understand issues related to mismatches between prey, predators, hunters, and gatherers in the context of and in collaboration with Arctic coastal communities. This element includes a Western Alaska LCC-funded project on subsistence berry availability.

8.3 Advance knowledge on the physical coastal processes impacting natural and built environments.

  • 8.3.1 Improve understanding of coastal erosion and deposition, including related geomorphic changes due to permafrost degradation, reduced sea ice extent, storm surge, increased wave action, and sea level rise. This Element includes work by the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program, USGS Alaska Science Center, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and others.
  • 8.3.2 Increase understanding of coastal freshwater hydrologic changes in rivers, lakes, snow, and permafrost through projects such as the Soil Climate Analysis Network (SCAN) soil moisture and temperature site monitoring.

8.4 Improve observations, mapping, and charting to support research across the coastal interface.

  • 8.4.1 Update the National Spatial Reference System in the Arctic to enable integration of baseline geospatial datasets in coastal areas to support research and predictive capabilities across the coastal interface.
  • 8.4.2 Develop new sensor technologies and data collection and application methods specific to understanding and characterizing relationships within coastal systems across all seasons for natural resource, community, and emergency response planning and management.
  • 8.4.3 Produce modeled tidal predictions for the U.S. Arctic. Involve multiagency collaborators, including Alaska Ocean Observing System (AOOS) representatives.

Accomplishments

The Coastal Resilience Collaboration Team is a new team under Arctic Research Plan 2017-2021. Accomplishments will be listed here as they are made. 

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